3BETS at PLO
One of the most powerful things you can do in PLO. Complete 3 bets.
Benefits of 3b’ing:
1. Isolate yourself with weaker opponents
2. More flexibility and a higher probability of getting into a heads-up pot. Remember, the more players in the pot, the less poker you play. Everyone plays very straight forward in 3BET pots. In HU pots, you can bluff thinner, semi-bluff thinner, and value bet thinner. Sometimes hands play better in multiple directions, so you should just call (same goes for hold em courses).
3. People in all poker scenes adapt poorly to aggression. The more opportunities you have to make an opponent uncomfortable into making a mistake, the better this line should be. Most players will not adjust to your aggression. You will most likely play fit, or fold, or overfit, betting 4’s that you’re easy, or stacking easily.
4. Big Pot’s IP=+EV
Features that make 3BETTING more profitable
1. Raw Equity – Shows the flop strength compared to other hands in the game. Raw equity hands are big pairs and Broadways. Remember, when the SPR goes down, we want to dominate our opponents’ stack off-ranges. Hands with raw equity often dominate our opponents’ stack off-ranges. The flop has a lot of combo draws. For example pair + FDs, higher straight draws, etc. Broadways also have cooler made hands.
2. Smooth stock distribution – SPR in 3BET pots usually moves around 2-5. When players get into the game more easily in 3BET pots, we want more hands that flop equity. So we can stack properly more often and scoop the big pots. We also have more options on later roads. Checking back into position in 3BET pots allows us to collect more equity on the turn a higher percentage of the time. More polarized hands don’t give you that opportunity. Barreling also becomes more profitable on later roads.
3. Lack of nuttiness – Doesn’t mean nuttiness is bad. Nuttyness plays less of a role in HU pots. If you have 2 hands of equal strength, it’s often better to 3BET the less crazy hand because it will help you clean up your non-crazy draws. When you 3BET crazy hands, you sacrifice some of the implied odds value of cooling someone with deeper stacks. If you 3BET a non-nutty hand, you can promote their non-nutty components, which are worth more at flatter SPRs. Most of the time in PLO you will come across hands that should be 3=bet or folded because they lack craziness.
Hands that are good at 3BETTING fall into 3 categories:
1. Bonuses – Good for 3BET in almost any pre-flop scenario to add value and gain an advantage. Good post-flop playability since the equity distribution is so smooth.
2. Playability Group – Like the Premium Group but doesn’t necessarily have a raw equity advantage but makes up for it in post-flop playability. Flops with strong combo draws, which is the easiest way to win stacks in 3BET pots. These hands are good for 3BET against players who lose in both pre- and post-flop 3BET pots. Usually dominates their stack off-ranges. Very important considering people don’t like to fold in 3BET pots.
3. Widening Group: Don’t play well in single-raised multiway pots. They play best against Fit or Fold type opponents. We should 3BET them as often as possible. Good enough to expand with these hands as they are smooth enough to be playable in a post-flop HU pot.
Who should we 3BET the most?
2 key factors to consider
1. PFR-Extend your value 3BETTING range on opponents who don’t fold enough to 3BETS. Or bluff 3BETTING if they fold too much to 3BETS. You want to target more aggressive openers more with 3 BETS. The tighter a person’s opening range is, the less likely it is that you should 3BET your expanding range. Always look for excuses to play HU with bad players. If you’re 2BETTING undecided and a weaker opponent opens, you should probably be 3BETTING to get HU
Answers to CBETS in 3BET pots
2 Big Mistakes You Should Be Exploiting.
1. Penalize opponents who fit or fold. For example, anyone playing Fit or Fold can 3-bet using any of the 3 categories discussed. They’ll either C/F when they miss, C/C with a medium hand, and C/R with the nuts. The quickest way to lose money at poker is to build pots to later give up. Don’t call 3BETS and C/F flops. Very easy to bleed money this way.
2. Penalize players who stack too easily. Stick to the 3BET of the bonuses.
Against whom should we avoid expanding our 3BETS?
1. Nitty Opener – the opposite of the players we want to 3BET the most. It creates reverse implied odds situations. Also remember that a HUD is an average of all the hands they have open. So a 30VPIP corresponds to a 10% UTG opening range. Don’t confuse these.
When is it better to just call?
1. Pushing Hands – Take advantage of pushing players out of the pot. Most of their value comes from not flopping nutty combo draws.
2. Pulling hands value occurs when more players are pulled into the pot. Nuttier and polarized. Want to dominate draws and stack ranges. Ask yourself, is your hand better HU or multi-way? Also consider calling when there are fish in the blinds or stack sizes are uncomfortable. Don’t always think about instant equity. Think about how much equity it will create after the flop. All about dominating your opponents after the flop.
Patrik Antonius Wannabe player who is very aggressive before and after the flop. Usually players open 40% and 4BETTING the most. You should 3BET less than pot against them. It maintains the positional advantage. Remember, the lower the SPR, the lower the benefit IP. The higher the SPR, the higher the benefit IP.
If he makes 4BETS then you have implied rebates and cheaper price. Cheaper to get Stacks. 3BETTING smaller is also good against opposing ranges that are heavily weighted towards AAxx in 4BET pots.
Which hands do we 3BET smaller than pot? Flexible hands made of several components. They flop a lot of medium and weak draw combinations, which is perfect when SPR is 7. CBETTING is stronger against C/Ring range than when it’s 4. You can also check back many hands and realize your equity with 2 streets. Don’t 3BET small with big pairs against maniacs. They don’t want a dry big pair with an SPR of 7. They just want to try and stack with a dry big pair.
3BETS OOP? Can also be profitable. Allows you to get stacks quickly after the flop.
1. Lowers SPR. This reduces your errors instead of increasing them.
In OOP play, the same principles apply as opponents and equity distribution.
The Adjustment: You have to play significantly tighter than IP, just like Hold’em, but even more. Remember that players don’t fold as often at 3BETS, and even more so when they’re IP. If you are OOP, you will 3BET a higher percentage of pots. Main hands in 3BET OOP are high value singles and doubles. Mainly hands in the Premium and Playability groups. You’re ahead of your opponents’ opening ranks and you’re accumulating equity on a variety of boards. Can represent a wide range of hands and is ahead of opponents frisking the flop range.
Ragged KKxx play very similar to dry AAxx on certain boards. Remember to always think about how they create profitable post-flop scenarios, not their immediate equity.
You want to 3BET pot these hands and use 40% of your stack so you can ship every flop. You should also consider your opponent’s tendencies when considering calling or raising dry AAxx.
Calling 3BETS Important Considerations:
1. Opposing Tendencies – Let them prove it
2. Stack size IP can call more 3BETS deeper. When stacks get flat, it’s more important to consider OPP stack off-ranges.
3.IP/OOP? Must be a lot tighter, OOP guys calling OOP on their immediate odds. Think about winning after the flop. C/F’ing is an easy way to bleed money.
Hands to avoid OOP
1. Hands with pairs – Want smooth equity and these hands don’t flop very smooth.
2. Moderately connected Axxx. Most 3BETTING ranges are heavily weighted against AAxx
3. Low single suited and rainbow hands. Don’t play well in 3BET pots because they dominated draws off the flop