Healthcare Services

Health services are many and an adequate range of health services must be provided within an adequate health system. The United States does not have the best health care system in the world, but it can be said that it has the best emergency care system in the world. The fact behind this is that America has the highest levels of poverty and income inequality of any rich and developed nation and this affects people’s access to adequate health services.

Health systems are designed to meet the health care needs of a specific nation or population. Health care planning and its proper system implementation is much more important for any country or government. According to the World Health Report 2000, “Good health, responsiveness to population expectations, and a fair financial contribution to performance improvement are required.” Duckett (2004) proposed a two-dimensional approach to health systems assessment: “quality, efficiency and acceptability in one dimension and equity in another”.

In order to have the best healthcare facilities, UNICEF advises that there must be three main steps, which can then systematically improve healthcare services and complete a healthcare system.

1. Norms

2. Evaluation and Accreditation

3. Auxiliary Materials

Seven years ago, the World Health Organization made the first major attempt to assess the health systems of 191 nations. The following parameters were considered for the best nursing services;

· Insurance coverage

· Access

· Justice

· Health lives

· Quality

· Life and death

· Patient satisfaction

· Use of IT

· First class care

· Walk-in clinic

Health is a state of physical, mental, social and psychological well-being. Health services are a fundamental part of any community, so financial stability and adequate medical coverage, whether insured or otherwise, are very important for a person to live and stay normal. A proper process-oriented structure is required to be implemented by the government to provide the healthcare services to each and every one of its citizens. The healthcare industry has a responsibility to provide the right healthcare services to the people with their arm, namely the healthcare providers. These healthcare services are paid for and could be paid for by the patient, by an insurance company, or by the government. Charities and volunteers also play their part in providing healthcare services to those who cannot afford it. There could be different ways of providing health services to the patient, which can normally be divided into two main categories;

· Face to face:

This is the most common method where the provider physically interacts with the patient and after examining and understanding the issues, diagnoses the problem or suggests some tests or medication.

· Not face to face:

Telecommunications is the latest emerging facility that is now being used for healthcare service delivery as well. The doctor can interact with the patient by phone, email, SMS or video conference and then make further suggestions.

Health services are also provided at schools where the children could be cared for. UNESCO has published a number of tools to provide guidance to school health service providers. Below are the basic parameters that must be taken into account;

· HIV/AIDS

· Food and Nutrition

· Worms and hygiene

· Malaria

· Force

· Drugs, tobacco and alcohol

In any health service delivery system, there can be the following three types of health services.

1. Primary health care:

Whenever someone needs a health service in normal and everyday life, it can be a general practitioner, nurse, orderly, physiotherapist, pharmacist, etc. Primary health care services often include the prevention and treatment of common illnesses and injuries.

2. Secondary Health Care:

Whenever someone needs special care, he/she is referred to a specialized care unit such as a hospital or nursing home to provide secondary health care.

3. Additional / Complementary Health Services:

The services, usually provided to the elderly, children or those who do not have adequate medical care or the ability to pay, and the expenses are covered by government funds or by a volunteer or charity organization.